AskDefine | Define solanum

Dictionary Definition

Solanum n : type genus of the Solanaceae: nightshade; potato; eggplant; bittersweet [syn: genus Solanum]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Solanum



  1. Specifically S. Nigrum, and sometimes S. macrocarpon, S. scabrun, and S. villosum. A traditional green vegetable.


East African traditional vegetable

Extensive Definition

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Solanum is a large, variable genus of annual plants and perennial plants, forbs, vines, sub-shrubs, shrubs, and small trees. They often have attractive fruit and flowers. They are poisonous to humans (though not necessarily to other animals), but many bear edible fruits, leaves, or tubers, and the genus includes several cultivated species, including three major food crops:
  • Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum (sometimes classed as Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Potato, Solanum tuberosum
  • Eggplant, Solanum melongena
Solanum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (butterflies and moths) - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Solanum. Recently a new section was added to the genus, section Lycopersicon containing wild tomatoes.

Selected species

S. chrysotrichum has been shown to be an effective treatment for Seborrhoeic dermatitis.


External links

  • Solanaceae Source - A worldwide taxonomic monograph of all species in the genus Solanum''.
solanum in Czech: Lilek
solanum in Danish: Natskygge
solanum in German: Nachtschatten
solanum in Spanish: Solanum
solanum in French: Solanum
solanum in Italian: Solanum
solanum in Hebrew: סולנום
solanum in Latin: Solanum (genus)
solanum in Lithuanian: Kiauliauogė
solanum in Hungarian: Ebszőlő
solanum in Dutch: Nachtschade
solanum in Japanese: ナス属
solanum in Norwegian: Søtvier
solanum in Polish: Psianka
solanum in Portuguese: Solanum
solanum in Romanian: Solanum
solanum in Finnish: Koisot
solanum in Swedish: Skattor
solanum in Tamil: மணத்தக்காளி
solanum in Tonga (Tonga Islands): Polohauaiʻi
solanum in Turkish: Solanum
solanum in Chinese: 茄屬
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